Volcanoes, Mountains, Passes & Base Camps

(Last update April 2021)

 

MY TOP 10

Erta Ale (Ethiopia) : I went twice there : a spectacular sight at night ! This volcano has a permanent lava lake (volcanoes with a persistent lava lake are a very rare phenomenon).

Dallol (Ethiopia) : in the Danakil Depression, hottest place on earth, this place is unique for its landscape of green acid ponds, iron oxide, sulfur and salt desert plains.

Kilauea (Hawai) : fabulous place with its lava lake (in Halema' Uma crater, spectacular at night) and its lava flowing in the ocean (where I walked by night & which I saw also from boat).

Lengaï (Tanzania) : the sacred mountain of the Masaï ; unique for its very fluid & relatively cold lava ; lava which flows out of the crater looks like chocolate !.

Kawah Itjen (Indonesia) : an active volcano with a large acid lake and sulphur deposits where sulphur is extracted by locals.

Yasur (Vanuatu) : this volcano is erupting nearly continuously and can be approached quite safely (especially spectacular at night when volcanic bombs are ejected) !

Semeru (Indonesia) : an active volcano, erupting every half hour when I visited it, when I was living in Indonesia, right from the rim of the crater.

Galunggung (Indonesia) : saw from close its major eruption of June 1982, famous for the 2 planes which accidentally entered the ash cloud and had their 4 engines stopped.

Kilimandjaro (Tanzania) : a non active volcano, top of Africa, a wonderful climb and view over the savannah.

Mont Blanc (France) : highest summit in Europe (except Caucasus).

 

 

 

 

VOLCANOES

(Volcanoes, most of them active, climbed by foot & up to summit, except otherwise mentioned ; most of non-active volcanoes climbed, such as the ones in Massif Central / France, are included here)
(Volcanoes viewed closely but not climbed are included in the next section - Mountains & Passes - and are show at the end of each list devoted to a given country)

 

Africa

Djibouti
Ardoukoba (298 m) (March 2002)

Ethiopia 
Dallol (a fabulous wonder of nature : the world's weirdest volcanic crater)  (-  82 m) (March 2006)
Erta Ale (lava lake by night) (613 m) (March 2002 & March 2006)

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Nyiragongo (3470 m) (July 1989)

Tanzania 
Kilimandjaro (Ihuru Peak : 5892 m ; highest summit in Africa) (July 1994)
Ngorongoro (2300 m) (October 2004)
Ol Doinyo Lengaï (sacred mountain for the Masaï, known for its unique natrocarbonatite lava) (2878 m) (October 2004)

Rwanda 
Bisoke (3711 m) (August 2018)
Karisimbi (4507m) (August 2018)

 

Americas

Bolivia
Uturuncu (up to 5850 m) (6008 m) (August 1990)

Chili
Cráter Morada del Diablo (Pali Aike) (187 m) (December 2012)
Osorno (up to 1700 m, by telesiege) (2682 m) (January 2015)
Villarica (2847 m) (January 2016)

Costa Rica
Irazu (by car) (3432 m) (December 2000)
Poas (by car) (2708 m) (December 2000)
Rincon de la Vieja (1916 m) (December 2000)

Nicaragua
Cerro Negro (675 m) (March 2003)
Concepcion (1610 m) (March 2003)
Cosigüina (872 m) (March 2003)
Masaya (635 m) (March 2003)
Monbacho (1345 m) (March 2003)
San Cristobal (1745 m) (March 2003)
Telica (1061 m) (March 2003)

 

Asia

Indonesia
Bali :
Agung (3031 m) (1982)
Batur (1717 m) (1982)
Florès :
Kelimutu (1639 m) (1983)
Java :
Bromo (2329 m) (1982)
Cereme (3078 m) (1984)
Dieng (by car) (2565 m) (1983)
Galunggung (2168 m) (1982, 1983 & eruption 1984)
Guntur (2249 m) (1983)
Gunung Gede (2958 m) (1883)
Gunung Salak (2211 m) (1983)
Kawah Itjen (2799 m) (1983)
Kelud, thru 'dutch tunnel' up to above crater lake (1731 m) (1984)  
Krakatoa (813 m) (1983)
Merapi (2930 m) (1984)
Papandayan (2665 m) (1983)​
Raung (3332 m) (1984)
Semeru, always active (3676 m) (June 1984)
Slamet (3428 m) (1984)
Tangkuban Parahu (2084 m) (1983) 
Telaga Bodas (2201 m) (1983) 
Lombok :
Gunung Rinjani (3726 m) (1982)
Sulawesi :
Karangetang (Pulau Siau, up to 350 m) (1784 m) (August 2004)
Lokon (1580 m) (August 2004)
Mahawu (1324 m) (August 2004)
Soputan (up to 1700 m) (1784 m) (August 2004)
Sumatra :
Dempo (3179 m) (1985)
Kaba (1952 m) (1985)

Japan
Hokkaidō : Akan Dake (1499 m) (September 2006) 
Hokkaidō : Eniwa Dake (1320 m) (September 2006) 
Hokkaidō : Komaga Dake (1133 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaidō : Oakan Dake (1370 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaidō : Tarumae (1041 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaidō : Tokachi (2077 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaidō : Uzu (by cable car) (September 2006)
Honshu : Fujiyama (3776 m) (August 2008)
Kyushu : Mt Aso : Naka Dake (1506 m) & Taka Dake (1592 m) (March 2011)
Kyushu : Mt Kirishima : Shiratori (1368 m) & Koshiki Dake (1301 m) (April 2011)
Kyushu : Mt Unzen : Fugen Dake (1359 m), Mt Myoken (1334 m) & view of new crater Heisei Shinzu (1486 m) (March 2011)
Rebun : Rebun Dake (490 m) (September 2006)

Mongolia
Khorgo (2240 m) (September 2007)
Uran (1686 m) (September 2007)

Russia (Kamtchatka)
Avachinsky (2741 m) (August 2001)
Bezymianny (3085 m) (August 2001)
Gorely (1829 m) (August 2001)
Karimsky (1486 m) (August 2001)
Mutnovsky (2322 m) (August 2001)

 

Atlantic Ocean

Azores
Corvo : Caldeirão (by car) (720 m) (June 2016)
Faial : Cabeço Gordo (by car) (1403 m) (June 2016)
Faial : Capelinhos (501 m) (June 2016)
Pico : Pico (2351 m) (June 2016)
São Miguel : Caldeira das Sete Cidades (by car) (261 m) (June 2016)

Cabo Verde
Fogo : Pico do Fogo (2829 m) (February 2016)

Canary Islands
La Palma : Caldera de Taburiente (1287 m) (May 2019)
La Palma : Volcán San Antonio (677 m) (May 2019)
Tenerife : Pico del Teide (Spain highest summit, 3718 m) (March 2011)
Tenerife : Pico Viejo (3135 m) (March 2011)

Iceland
Askja (1516 m) (July 2009)
Hverfjall  (420 m) (July 2009)
Kerid (100 m) (July 2009)
Krafla (Caldeira Stora Viti) (816 m) (July 2009)
Laki (818 m) (July 2009)

 

Caribbean

Martinique
Montagne Pelée (1397 m) (December 1989)

 

Europe

France
Plomb du Cantal (Massif Central, 1855 m) (August 2000)
Puy de Dôme (Massif Central, 1465 m) (September 2003)
Puy Mary (Massif Central, 1783 m) (August 2000)
Puy de Sancy (Massif Central, 1886 m) (July 2000)​
Puy de la Vache (Massif Central, 1167 m) (July 2000)

Italy
Etna (3350 m) (May 1976) & lateral eruption (November 2002)
Vesuvio (1281 m) (April 2005)

 

Indian Ocean

Comoros
Mt Karthala (2318 m) (July 2019)

Réunion
Piton de la Fournaise (2632 m) (May 2009)

TAAF
St Paul Island : Cratère de Novara (268 m) (December 2003)

 

Pacific Ocean

Easter Island
Maunga Pui (302 m) (July 198( & December 2006)
Maunga Terevaka (511 m) (December 2006)
Mt Orito (270 m) (December 2006)
Poike (370 m) (December 2006)

Galapagos
Caldera Sierra Negra (Isabela) (1124 m) (April 2003)

Hawai'i
Hawai : Halema' Uma (lava lake by night) (a vent of the Kilauea) (1067 m) (April 2013)
Hawai : Mauna Kea (4240 m) (April 2013)
Hawai : Mauna Loa (by road, up to 3420 m) (4169 m) (April 2013)

Papua Niugini
New Britain Island : Tavurvur (223 m) (August 1982)

Samoa
Mt Matavanu Crater (Savai'i) (402 m) (July 2006)

Vanuatu 
Ambrym Island : Bembow (1159 m) (September 2002)
Ambrym Island : Marum (1270 m) (September 2002)
Tanna Island : Yasur (nearly always active) (361 m) (September 2002)
 

 

 

MOUNTAINS & PASSES

(Mountains climbed by foot & up to summit, except otherwise mentionedpasses over 4500 m by foot
(Mountains for which access involves a trek to a base camp, such as Everest, K2, Annapurna ..., are also listed in the section 'Treks')
(Mountains - and volcanoes - viewed closely but not climbed are shown at the end of each list devoted to a given country( . these lists are of course not exhaustive)

 

 

Africa

Algeria
Assekrem (2780 m) (February 1987)
Mountains ranges visited : Atakor, Tassili n'Ajjer (AdrarPlateau du Fadmoun): (1987)

Botswana
Tsodilo Hills (by road up to 960 m) (1375 m) (August 2011)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Aha (1070 m) (2011)

Cameroon
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Monts Bamboutos (2740 m), Monts Manengouba (2396 m), Massif du Mbam (2335 m) (1980)

Chad
Mountains ranges visited : Massif de l'Ennedi (November 2002) 

Djibouti
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Monts Goda (1783 m) (2018)

Ethiopia
Imet Gogo (3925 m) (January 2005)

Gabon
Mt Brazza (434 m) (December 2019)

Guinea
Massif du Fouta Djalon (up to 1130 m) (1516 m) (January 2006)

Kenya
Chyulu Hills (up to 1923 m) (2041 m) (March 2018)
Mt Kenya (up to Pt Lenana at 5199 m) (January 2019)
Ngong Hills (par piste) (2460 m) (January 2019)
Ol Donyo Sabuk (by road) (2146 m) (January 2019)
Shimba Hills (by road) (500 m) (March 2018)
Taita Hills (by road, up to 1100 m) (2209 m) (March 2018)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Longonot (2776 m) (2018)

Liberia
Mt Nimba (up to 1100 m at Blue Lake) (1752 m) (January 2018)

Libya
Tadrart Acacus (Acacus Mountain) (by 4x4 mainly) (1000 m) (January 1996)

Madagascar
Isalo (up to 1150 m) (1268 m) (May 1998)
Pic St Louis (529 m) (May 1998)

Marocco
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Toubkal (4167 m), Jebel Sarhro (2712 m), Jebel Yagour (2700 m) (1967)

Mauritania
Guelb Er Richat (by 4x4) (400 m) (March 2004)

Malawi
Zomba Plateau (by road) (2087 m) (October 2010)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Mulange (3007 m)

Mozambique
Monte Gorongosa (1864 m) (October 2010)

Niger
Plateau du Djado (by 4x4) (606 m) (February 2002)
Mountains viewed closely in Aïr : Massif de Taghouji (1108 m); Adrar Agalak (1974 m), Monts Taghmeurt (1637 m), Massif de Takolokouzet (1295 m) (2002, 2004)

RDC (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Mt Stanley (Peak Margherita & Peak Albert) (Rwenzori) (up to 4500 m, the limit for alpinism) (5109 m) (July 1989)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano Mikeno (4437 m), Mont Hoyo (1372 m) (2018)

Rwanda
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcanoes Gahinga (3474 m), Muhabura (4127 m), Sabyinyo (3645 m) (2018)

Sierra Leone
Bintumani (1945 m) (January 2018)

Somaliland
Jufo Mountain (1500 m) (November 2019)

South Sudan
Boya Mountains (up to 632 m) (1165 m) (February 2020)
Lotuko Mountains (up to 682 m) (1300 m) (February 2020)

Tanzania
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano Meru (4565 m) (1994)

Zimbabwe
Matopo Hills (by road up to 1400 m) (1543 m) (October 2010)
Vumba Mountains (by road up to 1585 m) (1911 m) (October 2010)

 

 

Americas

Argentina
Cerro Catedral
 (partly by aerosillas, 2405 m) (February 2004)
Cerro Chapelco (San Martin de los Andes) (partly by aerosillas, 1980 m) (February 2004)
Cerro San Bernardo (Salta) (by cablecar,1454 m) (July 2010)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Fitz Roy (3359 m), Cerro Torre (3128 m), Volcano Lanin (3747 m), Cerro Perito Moreno (El Bolson) (1466 m), Cerro de los Cristales (1286 m), Cerro de los Siete Colores (2206 m), Cerro Famatina (4603 m), Cerro Morado (5130 m), Nevado de Aroy (5950 m), Cerro San Miguel (5850 m), Cerro Lopez (2075 m), Cerro Cinco Hermanos (Tierra de Fuego) (1037 m) (2003, 2004, 2010, 2012) 

Bolivia
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Licancabur (5920 m), Sajama (6250 m) (2004)

Brazil
Chapada dos Guimarães (by road) (750 m) (July 2007) 
Corcovado & Pão de Açucar (Rack railway, cablecar) (Rio) (1986, 1988, 2006)

Canada
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Ogilvie Mountains (Yukon, 2362 m), Richardson Mountains (Yukon, 1240 m) (2004)

Chile
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Cerro Paine Grande (2884 m), Cuernos del Paine (Torres del Paine) (2800 m) ; Volcanoes : Calbuco (2003 m), Puyehue (2236 m), Casablanca (2240 m), Descabezado Grande (3953 m), Descabezado Chico (3281 m), Antuco (2979, Llaima (3125 m), Tolguaca (2806 m), Lonquimay (2865 m), Tronador (3491 m), Isluga (5550 m), Chuquinanta (5600 m), Arintica (4300 m), Parinacota (6348 m), Lascar (5599 m) (2000, 2004, 2012, 2015)

Colombia
Boqueron de la Sierra (Cocuy) (4650 m) (January 2012)
Cerro de Monserrate (by cable car) (3152 m) (February 2008, January 2020)
Paso del Conejo (Cocuy) (4550 m) (January 2012)
Peñón de Guatapé (= Piedra del Peñol) (2135 m) (January 2010)
Pulpito del Diablo (Cocuy) (up to 5000 m) (5070 m) (January 2012)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (mainly in trek) : Volcano Galeras (4276 m), Volcano Purace (4650 m), Volcano Nevado del Ruiz (5311 m), Nevado El Cisne (4636 m), Nevado Santa Isabel (4950 m), Nevado Pan de Azucar (5100m), Puntiagudo (5200 m), Picacho (5030 m), Ritacuba Blanco (5410 m), Triangulo del Sur (4830 m), San Pablin (5255 m), Diamante (4800 m), Pico Campanillas Negro (4636 m) (2010, 2012)

Costa Rica
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano Arenal (1657 m) (2000)

Panama
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano Baru (3474 m m) (2003)

Ecuador
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano Cotopaxi (5897 m m) (2003)

Peru
Abra Apacheta
 (Ausangate) (4868 m) (June 2017)
Abra Arapa (Ausangate) (4760 m) (July 2017)
Abra Choquetacarpo (Cordillera Vilcabamba) (4601 m) (July 2017)
Abra del Condor (Ausangate) (5223 m) (July 2017)
Abra Gara Gara (Cordillera Blanca) (4830 m) (July 2009)
Abra Osoruri (Cordillera Blanca) (4860 m) (July 2009)
Abra Palomani (Ausangate) (5105 m) (July 2017)
Abra Portachuelo de Llanganuco (Cordillera Blanca) (4750 m) (July 2012)
Abra Punta Union (Cordillera Blanca) (4760 m) (July 2012)
Abra Tapush (Cordillera Blanca) (4800 m) (July 2012)
Abra Vientunan (Cordillera Blanca) (47è0 m) (July 2009)
Abra Yanacon (Cordillera Blanca) (4610 m) (July 2009)
Huayna Picchu (2720 m) (July 2009 (Cordillera Blanca) (4760 m) (July 2012)
Qoyllur Rit'i (site of a quechua syncretic religious pilgrimage celebrating stars & sun, up to 4750 m) (5200 m) (July 2017)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (the vast majority of them during treks from 1979 to 2017) : Alpamayo (from base camp, 5947 m), Salcantay (6271 m), Ausangate (6384 m), Huandoy (6395 m), Kayangate (6110 m), Mariposa (5870 m), Sorimani (5450 m), Tucusari (5500 m), Pico Tres (5761 m), Condor Tuco (5550 m), Pantipata (5450 m), Choquequirao (3111 m), Churup (5493 m), San Juan (5843 m), Huantsan (6369 m), Santa Cruz (6259 m), Jankarurish (5601 m), Quitaraju (6040 m), Abasraju (5785 m), Pucajirca (6046 m), Pucarashta (5450 m), Champara (5735 m), Pisco (5752 m), Artesonraju (6025 m), Rurec (5700 m), Huamashraju (5434 m), Aguja (5840 m), Taulliraju (5830 m), Caraz (6025 m), Millisraju (5510 m), Chopicalqui (6354 m), Yanapacchu (5460 m), Chacraraju (6108 m), Paron (5600 m), Raju Collota (= Diablo Mudo, 5350 m), Pumarinri (5450 m), Trapecio (5636 m), Puscanturpa (5400 m), Azuljanca (4998 m), Milpa (5330 m), Jurau (5674 m), Santa Rosa (5655 m), Tsacra (5734 m), Cuyoc (5550 m), Siete Caballeros (5500 m), Sarapo (6143 m), Yanamarey (5237 m), Pongos (5680 m), Santon (5240 m), Pastoruri (5240 m), Caullaraju (5681 m), Ninashanca (5607 m), Rondoy (5870 m), Jirishanca (6126 m), Mituraju (5750 m), Siula Grande (6344 m), Yerupaja (6635 m), Toro (5174 m), Carnicero (5960 m), Veronica (5893 m), Chicon (5530) (1979, 2002, 2012, 2013, 2017)

Saint Pierre et Miquelon
Pain de sucre (up to 90 m) (144 m) (June 2013)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Morne de la Grande Montagne (Grande Miquelon) (249 m), Morne de la Presqu'île (Grande Miquelon) (219 m), Cuquemel (Langlade) (190 m) (2013)

Suriname
Brownsberg (up to Mazaroni Top à 522 m) (1686 m) (September 2014)

USA
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mount Mc Kinley (Alaska, 6190 m) (1974)

 

 

Antarctica

Continent and near islands
Ellsworth Land : Charles Peak (Ellsworth Mountains) (1078 m) (December 2012)
Queen Maud Land : Nunatak Basen (Vestfjella Mountains) (inland, one of very rare ice free place in Antarctica, by helicopter) (440 m) (November 2004)
Viewed closely very closely : Erebus (Ross Island. 3794 m, from Erebus Bay & also from Nimrud Hut at Cape Royds on Ross Island) (January 2003)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Transantarctic Mountains (vues des Dry Valleys), Mount Bird (Ross Island) (1765 m), Mount Liotard (Adelaide Island) (2395 m), Elephant's Head (by foot, Ellsworth Land, near Union Glacier) (937 m) (2003, 2012)

Peter 1st Island
Mountains viewed closely from sea without climbing  : Lars Christensen Peak (1640 m) (2003)

South Orkneys
Mountains viewed closely from sea without climbing  : Mount Sladen (Coronation Island, 890 m), Divide Peak (Coronation Island, 640 m), Wave Peak (Coronation Island, 960 m), Pulpit Mountain (Coronation Island, 945 m), Mount Ramsey (Laurie Island) (475 m) (2015)

 

 

Asia

Afghanistan
Shar e Gholghola Mountain (near Baniyan) (2650 m) (June 2019)
Shar e Zohak Mountain (Bamiyan district) (2800 m) (June 2019)

Armenia
Volcan Aragats (by road, up to 2300 m) (4090 m) (May 1999)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Lalvar (2543 m), Volcano Azhdahak (3597 m) (1999)

Azerbaijan
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (mainly in trek) : Shahdag (4243 m), Qizilqaya Dag (3726 m), Ilan Dag (Nakhitchevan) (2415 m), Besh Barmaq Dag (Five Fingers Mountain) (382 m) (2007)

Bangladesh
Chimbuk Hill (by road) (1150 m) (January 2009)

Bhutan
Gangla Karchung La (5177 m) (October 2015)
Jare La (4785 m) (October 2015)
Jaze La (5150 m) (October 2015)
Keche La (4647 m) (October 2015)
Ladum La (4906 m) (October 2015)
Loju La (5140 m) (October 2015)
Nyile La (4880 m) (September 2015)
Rinchen Zoe La (5330 m) (October 2015)
Sinche La (5005 m) (October 2015)
Tampe La (4600 m) (October 2015)
Tshoma La (4874 m) (October 2015)
Base camps of Jhomolhari & Gangla Garchung : cf § Base Camps chapter hereafter
Mountains viewed closely from sea without climbing : Jhomolhari (from base camp, 7326 m), Gangla Garchung (from base camp, 6395 m), Jichu Drakye (6789 m), Tserim Kang (6532 m), Gangchen Tag (Tiger Mountain) (6794 m), Khang Bum (6526 m), Masa Gang (7194 m), Tsenda Kang (7100 m), Kang Bum (6526 m), Teri Gang (7300 m), Jejekangphu Gang (7000 m), Zongaphu Gang (Table Mountain) (7094 m) (2015)

China
Aghil Pass
 (Xinjiang, towards K2) (4870 m) (October 2016)
Bogo La (Thöling, Ngari, Tibet) (5100 m) (April 2002)
Buyan Har Pass (Qinghai) (by road) (4830 m) (October 2018)
Chiragsaldi Pass (Sky Road, Xinjiang) (by road) (4980 m) (October 2016)
Drölma La (Kora of Mt Kailash, Tibet) (5660 m) (May 2002)
Emei Shan (Sichuan) (1069 m) (April 2007)
Ho La (Kham, Sichuan) (4500 m) (April 2007)
Huang Shan (Anhui) (1864 m) (November 2011)
Jigung Shan (Henan / Hubei) (814 m) (November 2011)
Jiuhua Shan (Anhui) (by cablecar) (1342 m) (November 2011)
Lao Shan (Shandong) (by cablecar) (1133 m) (April 2012)
Mayum La (Ngari, Tibet) (by road) (5151 m) (May 2006)
Qiyun Shan (Anhui) (585 m) (November 2011)
Quingchen Shan (Sichuan) (by ropeway) (April 2007)
Tai Shan (Shandong) (1533 m) (September 1985)
Wuyi Shan (Fujian) (2158 m) (November 2011)
Base camps of K2 & Mustagh Ata : cf § Base Camps chapter hereafter
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : K2 (8611 m), Mustagh Ata (7546 m), Amnye Machen (6282 m, Qinghai) (2018), Kailash ('kora' around it, 6638 m, Tibet) (2002), Yulong Xue Shan (Jade Dragon Snow Mtn) (Yunnan) (5596 m) (2005), Haha Xue Shan (Yunnan) (5396 m) (2005)

Hong Kong
Victoria Peak (by cablecar) (554 m) (September 1983, 1985 & 2018)

India
Baralacha La
 (Himachal Pradesh) (by road) (4830 m) (June 2009)
Dzongri Peak (Sikkim) (4167 m) (November 2007)
Goche La (Sikkim) (4964 m) (November 2007)
Hanuma La (Ladakh / Zanskar) (4724 m) (August 1978)
Kunzum Pass (Himachal Pradesh) (by road) (4551 m) (June 2009)
Naki La (by road) (Ladakh) (4915 m) (June 2009)
Senge La (Ladakh / Zanskar) (4970 m) (August 1978)
Sirsir La (Ladakh / Zanskar) (4824 m) (August 1978)
Zero Point (Yumesamdong) (Sikkim) (by road) (4660 m) (November 2007)
Base camps of Nun-Kun, Nanda Devi, Kanchenjunga & Pin Parvati : cf § Base Camps chapter hereafter
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (mainly in trek) : Kanchenjunga (8586 m), Nanda Devi (7816 m), Kumbakarna (7710 m), Talung (7349 m), Kabru North (7338 m), Kabru South (7317 m), Hardeol (7151 m), Nun (7135 m), Kun (7077 m), Tirsuli (7074 m), Rishi Parbat (6992 m), Nanda Kot (6861 m), Simyo (6811 m), Maiktoli (6803 m), Rathong (6679 m), Panwali Dhar (6663 m), Nanda Khat (6611 m), Latu Dhura (6392m), Changuch (6322 m), Sali Top (6300 m), Kuchela (6294 m), Bhurpu Dhura (6219 m), Chalab (6160 m), Koktang (6147 m), Darcho (6145 m), Topi (6099 m), Mukar Ben (6069 m), Kinnaur-Kailash (6050 m), Frey Peak (5830 m), Nanda Lapak (5782 m), Sarchu Peak (5741 m), Kalcha Dhura (5421), Goecha Peak (5127 m), Martoli Peak (4586 m), Laspa (4508 m), Dzongri Peak (4167 m) (1978, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2019)

Indonesia
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Puncak Trikora (Papua, 4730 m), Puncak Mandela (Papua, 4640 m) ; Volcanoes Merbabu (Jawa, 3145 m), Sundoro (Jawa, 3136 m), Kaba (Sumatra, 1950 m), Kerinci (Sumatra, 3805 m), Talang (Sumatra, 2597 m), Marapi (Sumatra, 2891 m), Tambora (Sumbawa, 2850 m), Iya (Flores, 637 m), Gunung Manado Sua (Pulau Manado Tua, 600 m), Tongkoko (Sulawesi, 1149 m), Empung (Sulawesi, 1340 m), Dukono (Halmahera, 1335 m), Gamalama (Ternate, 1712 m), Kie Matubau (Tidore, 1730 m), Salahatu (Ambon, 1038 m) (1976, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 2002, 2004)

Israel
Makhtesh Ramon (Mt Negev) (1037 m) (March 1995)
Massada (by cablecar) (- 33 m, 290 m above Dead Sea) (March 1995)
Mount of Beatitudes (by road) (- 25 m, 282 m above Dead Sea) (March 1995)
Mount of Olives (by road) (826 m) (March 1995)
Mt Carmel (Haïfa) (by road) (546 m) (March1995)
Mt Hermon (by chairlift, up to 2040 m) (2814 m) (February 1995)
Mt Quarantinia (Mount of Temptations) (366 m) (March 1995)
Mt Thabor (by road) (575 m) (March 1995)

Japan
Hokkaïdo : Asahidake (2291 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaïdo : Kurodake (1984 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaïdo : Mt Esan (618 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaïdo : Mt Hakodate (by cablecar) (334 m) (September 2006)
Hokkaïdo : Mt Moiwa (by cablecar) (531 m) (September 2006)
Honshu : Haguro San (414 m) (May 2005)
Honshu : Iwaki San (1625 m) (May 2005)
Honshu : Kanpu San (Oga Peninsula) (by road) (355 m) (May 2005)
Honshu : Mt Hachimantai (by road) (1613 m) (May 2005)
Honshu : Osore San (by road) (879 m) (May 2005)
Kyushu : Koshiki Dake (1301 m) (March 2011)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (Hokkaïdo) : Io San (508 m), Furano Dake (1912 m), Rishiri Dake (Rishiri Island) (1719 m), Shiratoko Dake (1254 m), Yobetsu (1298 m), Yotei (1878 m) (2006)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (Honshu) : Bandai San (1819 m), Chokai San (2236 m), Gas San (1984 m), Iwate San (2038 m), Zao San (1841 m) (1984, 2005, 2008)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (Kyushu) : Kaimondake (924 m), Karakuni Dake (1700 m), Kuju San (1791 m), Sakurajima (1117 m), Shimnoedake (1421 m) (2011)

Jordan
Djebel Ajloun (up to 991 m) (1268 m) (May 1986)
Monreal (1330 m) (May 1986)
Mt Al Karak (930 m) (May 1986)
Mt Nebo (by road) (817 m) (May 1986)
Mt Umm al Biyara (above Petra) (1176 m) (May 1986)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Seven Pillars of Wisdom Mountain (Wadi Rum) (1800 m) (1986)

Kurdistan
Amadiya Plateau (by car) (1400 m) (November 2018)
Asmar Mountain (by car) (1400 m) (November 2018)
Gara Mountain (by car) (2151 m) (November 2018)
Zawa Lountain (by car) (900 m) (November 2018)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Shah-i-Pira Magrum (2624 m), Mt Korek (2127 m) (2018)

Malaysia
Sabah : Mt Kinabalu (4095 m), highest summit of Southeast Asia (May 1983)

Mongolia
Eej Khairkhan uul (Gobi) (up to 'nine pots', 1800 m) (2275 m) (July 1998)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Bayan Zag ('Flaming Mountains') (1406 m), Nömgön uul (2348 m), Yargayl Öndör uul (2233 m), Ih Bayan Tsagaan uul (2514 m), Höh Devseg uul (2346 m), Hangde y uul (3131 m), Hutag uul (2321 m) (1998, 2006, 2007) 

Myanmar
Mt Popa (1518 m) (December 1982)

Nepal
Chhugyume La
 (Everest) (5330 m) (October 2006)
Gokyo Ri (Everest) (5360 m) (October 2006)
Kala Patthar (Everest) (5545 m) (October 2006)
Kang La (Upper Dolpo) (5500 m) (September 2005)
Kyangjin Ri (Langtang) (4390 m) (October 2011)
Laurebina La (Langtang) (4610 m) (October 2011)
Lobuche La (Everest) (5110 m) (October 2006)
Mirgin La (Kanchenjunga) (4630 m) (October 2012)
Mt Gurungche (Bandipur) (1200 m) (November 2009)
Rupina La (4693 m) (October 2013)
Thokla La (Everest) (4830 m) (October 2006)
Thorung La (North of the Annapurnas) (5460 m) (November 2010)
Yang La (Upper Dolpo) (5343 m) (September 2015)
Base camps of most of the eight-thousanders of Nepal & others : cf § Base Camps chapter hereafter
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (including mountains from Base Camps) : Everest (Sagarmatha) (8849 m), Kanchenjunga (8586 m), Kanchenjunga Central (8482 m), Kanchenjunga South (8476 m), Lhotse I (8516 m), Yalung Kang (8505 m), Makalu I (8481 m), Makalu II (Kangchungtse) (7872 m), Cho Oyu (8188 m), Dhaulagiri (8167 m), Manaslu Main (8163 m), Manaslu North (7157 m), Annapurna I (8091 m), Annapurna II (7937 m), Annapurna III (7555 m), Annapurna South (7219 m), Gyachung Kang (7952 m), Himal Chuli (7893 m), Ngadi Chuli (Peak 29) (7871 m), Nupse (7861 m), Kanbachen (7802 m), Jannu (7710 m), Barahi Sikhat (7647 m), Khangsar (7485 m), Ganggapurna (7455 m), Ganesh Himal I (7422 m & other Ganesh Himal summits : II, III, IV, V, VI, VII), Kabru I (7412 m & other Kabru II, III, IV summits), Langtang Lirung (7227 m), Langtang Ri (7205m), Gurja Himal 7193 m), Tarke Kang (7193 m), Nepal Peak (7177 m), Pumori (7161), Kirat Chuli (Tent Peak) (7165 m, Patibhara (Pyramid Peak) (7164 m), Tilicho Peak (7134 m), Baruntse (7129 m), Nilgiri North (7071 m), Nilgiri South (6839 m), Machhapuchare (6993 m), Dorje Lhakpa (6966 m), Tukuche Peak (6920m), Hongku Chuli (6833 m), Ama Dablam (6812 m), Chang Himal (Wedge Peak) (6802 m), Cho Polu (6735 m), Ramtang Peak (6700 m), Buddha Himal (6692 m), Rathong (6682 m ), Sobi Thongje (6670 m), Phole (6645 m), Thamserku (6623 m), Kanjelarwa (in Dolpo) (6013 m), Taple Shikham (6510 m), Singu Chuli (Fluted Peak) (6501 m), Yakwakang (6482 m), Mera Peak (Sagarmatha National Park, 6476 m), Hiunchuli (6441 m), Cholatse (6440 m), Langshisa Ri (6427 m), Chuli (6419 m), Gimmigela (6415 m), Gangchempo (6387 m), Mera Peak (Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, 6364 m), Kusum Kanguru Peak (6367 m), Langju Himal (6274 m), Changbu (6253 m), Danga Peak (6250 m), Saula (6235 m), Mansail (in Mustang) (6235 m), Gandhava Chuli (6248 m), Naike (6211 m), Island Peak (6189 m), Sarphu (6164 m), Kokthang (6148 m), Lobuche (6145 m), Thorung Peak (6144 m), Boktoh (6142 m), Gaugiri (in Mustang) (6110 m), Tinjung (6097 m), Pisang Peak (6091 m), Langtang Yubra (6048 m), Temachungi (Ghabur) 6,044 m), Nyukla Lachung (6012 m), Gunsadhar (5986 m), Churke Himal (5957 m), Bhemdang Ri (5906 m), Paldor (5896 m), Idam Phra (5875 m), Urking Kanggari (5863 m), Naya Kanga (5844 m), Ghunsadhar (5802 m), Tharpu Chuli (Tent Peak, Annapurna Sanctuary) (5663 m), Yala Peak (5520 m), Surya Peak (5145 m), Nanngo Paunsa (5140 m) (1977, 1993, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)

North Korea
Mt Ryongak (by car) (260 m) (April 2012)
Mt Suyang (half way) (946 m) (April 2012)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Myohyang (1909 m) (1999), Mt Kuwol (954 m) (2012), Mt Jongbang (481 m) (2012)

Oman
Djebel Akhdar (vers Jebel Shams) (by car, up 1000 m, Wadi Bani Awf) (3000 m) (April 1989) 

Pakistan
Eagle's Nest (3050 m) May 2018)
Khunjerab Pass (by road) (4693m) (May 2018)
Taj Mughal Shikari (Gilgit District) (1800 m) (May 2018)
Base camps K2, Broad Peak & Nanga Parbat : cf § Base Camps chapter hereafter
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (nearly all in trek) :  K2 (8611 m), Broad Peak (8051 m), Gasherbrum II (8034 m), Gasherbrum IV (7925 m), Gasherbrum V (7147 m), Gasherbrum 7 (6894 m), Gasherbrum VI (6979 m), Masherbrum (K1),  (7821 m), Nanga Parbat (8126 m), Dastaghil Sar (7885 m), Rakaposhi (7788 m), Chogolisa (Bride Peak) (7668 m), Shisper Peak (7611 m), Passu Sar (7478 m), Ultar (7389 m), Baltoro Kangri (7312 m), Muztagh Tower (7273 m), Diran Peak (7266 m), Snow Dome (7160 m), Raikot (7070 m), Spantik (Golden Peak) (7027 m), Crystal Peak (6957 m), Karun Kuh (6947 m), Vigne Peak (6851 m), Chongra (6830 m), Biarehedi (6781 m), Ganado (6606 m), Paju Peak (6501 m), Liligo Peak (6410 m), Mani Peak (6409 m), Adver Sar (6400 m), Urdukas Peak (6320 m), Trango Towers (6286 m), Hunza Peak (6270 m), Cathedral Peak (6247 m), Pastore (6209 m), Conway Saddle (6032 m), Biange (6018 m), Marble Peak (6017 m), Mitre Peak (6010 m), Ladyfinger Peak (Bubulimating (6000 m), Bullah (5950 m), Shipton Spire (5885 m), Khaltar (5885 m), Gulmit Tower (5810 m), Bakdur Das (5809 m), Trango Castle (5753 m), Buldar (5602 m), Bawalter Peak (above Hopar Glacier) (5600 m) (2017, 2018°

Philippines
Mt Samat (by road) (545 m) (December 1981)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Data (2187m), Makiling (1090 m), Mayon (2463 m), Pinatubo (1486 m), Taal (311 m) (1981)

Russia
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcanoes Klioutchevskoï (Kamchatka, 4750 m), Tolbachik (Kamchatka, 3682) ; viewed from far : Verkhoïansk Mountains (2409 m) (2001, 2014)

South Korea
Seongsan Ilchulbong (Sunrise Peak) (180 m) (October 1984)
Seorak San (by cable car and up to 800 m) (1188 m) (October 1984)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Gaya San (1433 m), Gyeryong San (845 m), Hallasan San (Jeju, 1950 m),  Odae San (1563 m) & Songni San (1058 m) (1984)

Syria
Jabal Ansariyeh (by car) (1583 m) (May 1994)
Mt Qassioun (by car) (1151 m) (May 1994)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Druze (1732 m), Jabal-al-Kana'is (1259 m), Jabal-al-Akrad (1000 m), Mt Zawiya (750 m) (1994) 

Taiwan
Alishan (2500 m) (April 1983)

Timor Leste
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Ramelau  (2986 m) (2004)

Turkey
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Erciyes Dag (3917 m), Bey Daglari (3069 m), Melendiz Dag (2963 m), Sivri Dag (2772 m), Pozanti Dag (2689 m), Akdag (2617 m), Egerli Tepesi (2282 m), Göllü Dag (2143 m), Odul Dag (1949 m), Solymos (1949 m), Idris Dag (1893 m) (1993, 2014)

United Arab Emirates
Jebel Hafeet (by road) (1249 m) (December 2018)

Vietnam
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Phan Si Pan (3143 m), Ta Phin (1868 m), Pia Boc (1554 m), Co Pha (1810 m) (2008)

Yemen
Jabal Haddad (2256 m) (April 1979)
Jabal Haraz (by road, up to Manakkha at 2044 m) (3000 m) (April 1979)

 

 

Atlantic Ocean

Ascension
Devil's Riding School Crater (April 2015)
Green Mountain (859 m) (April 2012 & April 2015)

Azores
Santa Maria : Pico Alto (587 m) (June 2016)
São Jorge : Pico da Esperança (1053 m) (June 2016)
Terceira : Serra de Santa Barbara (by car) (1023 m) (June 2016)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Pico da Vara (São Miguel, 1105 m), Pico da Burrinha (Florès, 883 m) (2016)

Cabo Verde
Sal : Monte Curral (by road) (107 m) (February 2016)
São Vicente : Monte Verde (by road) (750 m) (April 2002)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Pico da Antonia (Santiago) (1384 m), Serra Malagueta (Santiago) (1064 m), Pico da Cruz (São Antao) (1585 m), Mont Cara (São Vicente) (490 m) (2002, 2016)

Canary Islands
El Hierro : Pico de Malpaso (by car, up to 1300 m) (1501 m) (May 2019)
Gran Canaria : Pico de Bandama (by car) (569 m) (May 2019)
Gran Canaria : Pico de las Nieves (by car) (1949 m) (May 2019)
Gran Canaria : Roque Nublo (1803 m) (May 2019)
La Gomera : Alto de Garajonay (1487 m) (May 2019)
La Palma : Roque de los Muchachos (2423 m) (May 2019)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Montaña de Guajara (Tenerife, 2718 m), Pico Bingo (La Palma, 1808 m), Roque de Agando (La Gomera, 1250 m) (2005, 2011, 2019)

Iceland
Skarphedin's Peak (Kverkjöll) (up to 1400 m, above Kverkjöll Hut) (1936 m) (July 2009)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Hvannadalshnjúkur (rim of caldeira of volcano Öræfajökull, Iceland highest summit) (2110 m), Snaefell (1833 m), Hofsjökull (1782 m), Volcano Eyjafjallajökull (best known for the eruption of 2010, 1666 m), Kerling (1538 m), Herðubreið (1682 m), Hekla (1491 m), Myrdalsjökull (1450 m), Langjökull (1355 m), Torfajökull (1259 m), Jökulgilstindar (1079 m), Kirkjufell (463m) (2009)

Madeira
Pico Ruivo (1862 m) (October 1989)

São Tome & Principe
Pico Papaguio (Ilha do Principe) (700 m) (August 2012) 
Pico de São Tome (2024 m) (August 2012)

South Georgia
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mount Paget (2934 m), Mount Sugartop (2323 m), Mount Carse (2321 m) (2013)

St Helena
Diana's Peak (823 m) (November 2005)

 

 

Caribbean

British Virgin Islands
Sage Mountain (Tortola) (530 m) (March 2010)

Colombia
Isla de Providencia : Pico (351 m) (January 2020)

Guadeloupe
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano La Grande Soufrière (1467 m) (1989)

Haiti
Pic de la Selle, highest summit in Haiti (2674 m) (February 2017)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Pic de Macaya (2347 m), Morne Bois-Pins (2235 m), Morne du Cibao (2280 m), Montagne Terrible (1434 m), Morne Degas (919 m), Morne Jean (718 m) (2017)

Montserrat
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Volcano Soufrière (915 m) (2007) 

Saint Vincent
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Grand Bonhomme (969 m) (2013)

Sint Eustatius
Quill (549 m) (March 2010)

St Kitts & Nevis
Mt Liamuiga (856 m) (January 2014)

US Virgin Islands
Mountain Top (by road) (450 m) (February 2009)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Bordeaux Mountain (St John, 392 m), Camelberg Peak (St John, 347 m), Crown Mountain (St Thomas, 473 m) (2009)

 

 

Europe

Austria
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Großglockner (Austria highest point, 3789 m), Vesulspitze (3089 m), Eisenspitze (2859 m), Wildgrüben Spitze (2753 m), Wetterspitze (2750 m), Hafelekarspitze (2354 m) (1971, 2019)

Belgium
Signal de Botrange (Belgium highest point, by car) (694 m) (June 2020)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jahorina (by road, up to 1600 m) (1916 m) (August 2019)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Maglić (Bosnia and Herzegovina highest summit, 2386 m), Volujak (Vlasulja) (2337 m), Troglav (1913 m), Osječenica (1795 m), Cabulja (1780 m), Trebević (1627 m), Igman (1502 m) (1968, 1996, 2019) 

Bulgaria
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Kalin (2667 m), Mt Pirin (2593 m), Mt Vezhen (2198 m) (2014) 

Croatia
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Dinara (Croatia highest point, 1830 m), Sveti Jure (Biokovo) (1762 m), Vaganski Vrh (1757 m), Lička Plješivica (1657 m) (1968, 1996)

Cyprus
Mount Kykkos (Troodos Range) (by road) (1318 m) (September 1987)
Mount Olympos (= Chionistra) Cyprus highest summit, Troodos Range) (by road) (1952 m) (September 1987)

Czech Republic
Montagnes vues de près d'en bas : Sniecka  (point culminant de la République Tchèque, 1602 m) (2020) 

Estonia
Vällamägi (Estonia highest point) (304 m) (June 2002)

France
Aiguille du Midi (Alps) (by cablecar) (3842 m) (July 2004) 
Grand Colombier (Jura) (1534 m) (June 2007) 
La Rhune (Pyrénées) (by rack train, 905 m) (August 2005°
Mont Beuvray (Massif Central) (by road, 821 m) (September 1999)
Mont  Blanc (Alps) (highest summit in Europe aside Caucasus, ascent via Refuge du Goûter) (4810 m) (July 2004) 
Montagne de Reims (286 m) (June 2020)
Monte Incudine (Corsica) (2134 m) (June 2007) 
Monte Rinosu (Corsica) (2352 m) (June 2007)
Roc'h Trevezel (Britanny) (Monts d'Arrée highest point, 384 m) (1978)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (some in trek) (Alps) : Mont Maudit (4465 m), Mont Blanc du Tacul (4248 m), Aiguille d'Argentière (3901 m), Aiguille du Chardonnet (3824 m), Grande Casse (3855 m), Les Drus (3754 m), Dôme de l'Arpont (3599 m), Grandes Rousses (3465 m), Belledonne (2977 m), Mont du Grand Capelet (2935 m), Mont Bego (2872 m), Mont Ste Marie (2740 m), Chamechaude (Chartreuse, 2082 m)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (Pyrénées) : Pic de Marboré (3248 m), Pic Long (3192 m), Pic de la Munia (3133 m), Pic Brulle (= Pic de la Cascade, 3106 m), Pic de Néouvielle (3091 m), Astazou Occidental (3012 m) 
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (in trek) (Corsica) : Monte d'Oro (2389 m), Aiguilles de Bavella (1857 m), Uomo di Cagna (1217 m)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (others) : Crêt de la Neige (Jura highest summit, 1720 m), Aigoual (Massif Central, 1565 m), Grand Ballon (Vosges highest summit, 1424 m), Ballon d'Alsace (Vosges, 1247 m), Mont Ste Odile (Vosges, 767 m), Pic de Nore (Montagne Noire, 1211 m), Montagne Sainte Victoire (Provence, 1011 m)

Germany
Zügspitze (Germany highest summit, by cablecar) (2962 m) (August 1971)

Greece
Mt Athos (up to 900 m) (2251 m) (May 2003)
Mt Parnassus (up to 1400 m, by road) (2163 m) (August 1965)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Olympos (highest point in Greece, 2918 m), Mt Ossa (= Mt Kissavos) (1976 m), Mt Ida (= Mt Psiloritis) (Crete) (2456 m), Mt Attavyros (Rhodes) ( 1215 m) (1965, 1995, 2003) 

Hungary
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Kékes (Hungary highest summit) (1016 m) (1986)

Ireland
Mountains viewed without climbing : Carrauntuohil (Ireland highest mountain, 1038 m), Beenkeragh (1008 m), Caher Mountain (1000 m) (1987)

Italy
Mont Blanc (=Monte Bianco, on France/Italy border, Italy highest summit, ascent via Refuge du Goûter French side) (4810 m) (July 2004)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Monte Rosa (Alps, 4634 m), Cervino (Alps, 4478 m), Monte Cadria (Lakes region, 2254 m), Monte Colombine (Lakes region, 2215 m), Monte San Primo (Lakes region, 1682 m), Mottarone (Lakes region, 1492 m),  Monte Velino (Abruzzo, 2487 m), Monte Greco (Abruzzi, 2285 m), Monti della Meta (Abruzzo, 2249 m), Punta La Marmora (Sardinia, 1834 ), Volcano Stromboli (924 m) (1990, 2000, 2001, 2014, 2017, 2019)

Kosovo
Ljuboten (by car up to above abandoned Brezovica ski center at 1900 m) (2498 m) (May 2011) 
Velika Rudoka (Kosovo highest summit) (by car up to Brod Prizren at 1700 m) (2658 m) (May 2011)

Latvia
Gaiziņkalns (Latvia highest point) (311 m) (June 2003)

Malta
Ta' Dmejrek (Malta highest point) (253 m) (May 1990)

Montenegro
Bobotov Kuk (Montenegro highest summit, up to 2380 m) (2522 m) (June 2007) 
Mt  Lovćen (1749 m) (June 2007)
Savin Kuk (2313 m) (June 2007)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing  : Prutaš (2393 m), Maglić (2386 m), Maja e Bals (Karanfili) (2119 m), Zijovo (2104 m), Zurim (2035 m) (2007) 

Netherlands
Vaalserberg (Netherlands highest point, by car) (322 m) (June 2020)

North Macedonia
Bistra (up to 1400 m, by road) (2163 m) (June 2003)
Mosogov (up to 900 m, by road) (2251 m) (June 2003)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Korab (highest point in North Macedonia) (2764 m), Pelister (= Mt Baba) (2601 m), Galitchitsa (2254 m) (2003)

Norway
Preikestolen (604 m) (July 2016)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (in mainland Norway) : Gausta (1884 m), Blaøret (1605 m), Istindan (1487 m), Istfjellet (1325 m) (1966? 1973, 1996, 2016)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (in Svalbard) : Mathiesenfjella (Oscar II Land) (1125m), Helvetiafjellet (Norednskiöld Land) (1079 m), Stortinden (Vasahalvøya) (1030 m), Reuterskiöldfjellet (Dickson Land) (1029 m), Brøggerfjellet (Brøggerhalvøya) (720 m) (2016)

Poland
Gór Stołowych (Table Mountains) (across by car) (919 m) (August 2020)
Rysy (Poland highest summit, High Tatras, up to 1700 m, above Morskie Oko) (2503 m) (July 1981)
Veľký Mengusovský štít  (High Tatras, up to 1700 m, above Morskie Oko) (2438 m) (July 1981)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Kasprowy Wierch (Western Tatras) (1987 m), Sniecka (Karkanosze Range, = Giant Mountains) (1602 m), Szrenica (Karkanosze Range = Giant Mountains) (1363 m), Tarnica (Bieszcady Range) (1346 m), Turbacz (Gorce Range) (1310 m), Skrzyczne (Beskides Range) (1257 m); Trzy Korony (Pieniny Range) (982 m) (1981, 2020)

Portugal
Serra dos Gerês (by road, up to 1415 m) (1548 m) (April 2014) 

Rumania
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Pietrosul (2308 m), Muntii Bucegi (2200 m) (2013)

Russia
Mt Adaï-Khokh (North Ossetia) (up to Tseï at 2000 m) (September 2019)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : in Chechnya : Mt Gora Charkhunyshkort (2778 m), Gora Ragkort (2450 m) ; in North Ossetia : Mt Kazbeg (5033 m), Mt Tepli (4431 m) ; in Franz Josef Land : Wiener Neustadt Isl. Mountain (620 m), Hooker Isl. Mountain (576 m), Champ Isl. Mountain (507 m) (2004, 2019)

Serbia
Dupljak (Stara Planina Mountains) (by car up to 1100 m) (2032 m) (May 2012)
Midžor (Serbia highest summit, Stara Planina Mountains) (by car up to 1100 m, Crni Vrh - Black Rock) (2169 m) (May 2012)
Pančićev Vrh (Kapoanik Mountains) (by car up to 1400 m) (May 2012)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Siljak (Rtang Mountain) (1570 m), Mt Tornik (Zlatibor Mountains) (1496 m) (2012)

Slovakia
Chlab (1647 m) & Velki Krivan (up to 1650 m, above cablecar) (1709 m) (Malá Fatra Range) (June 2015)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Gerlachovský štít (Slovakia highest summit, High Tatras, 2665 m), Lomnický štít (High Tatras, 2634 m), Ďumbier (Low Tatras, 2043 m), Ostrva (High Tatras, 1925 m), Čierna hora (Levoča Range, 1289 m) (2015)

Slovenia
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Triglav (Slovenia highest summit, 2684 m), Kanjavec (2568 m), Spik (2472 m),  Vrh nad Škrbino (2054 m), Rodica (1966 m) (1994, 2019)

Spain
Serra del Montsart (by car, 737 m) (August 2019)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Sierra de Béjar (2428 m), Monte San Lorenzo (2271 m), Montes de León (2188 m), Monte Abantos (1753 m), Ortzantzurieta (1567 m) (2002, 2017, 2019)

Switzerland
Jungfrau (by cablecar, up to Jungfraujoch at 3463 m) (4158 m) (February 2007) 
Monte Rosa & Matterhorn (Cervin) (by rack train up to Gornergrat at 3135 m & by cablecar up to Klein Matterhorn at 3830 m) (August 2005)
Parpaner Rothorn (by cablecar) (2865 m) (January 1999)
Stockhorn (by cablecar) (2190 m) (October 2001) 
Weissflühgipfel (by cablecar) (2843 m) (January 1999)
Weisshorn (by cablecar) (2652 m) (January 1999) 
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Säntis (2502 m), Monte San Giorgio (1097 m) (1999)

TRNC
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Selvili (TRNC highest summit, Pentadaktylos Range) (1024 m), Alonagra (Pentadaktylos Range) (935 m) (2004)

Ukraine
Ai Petri (Crimea) (by cablecar) (1235 m) (May 2006)
Hora Manhupkale (Crimea) (562 m) (May 2006)
Karah Dag (Crimea) (577 m) (May 2006)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (Crimea) : Yaltyns'ka Yayla (1530 m), Roman Koch (1545 m), Zeytin Koch (1534 m) (2006)

United Kingdom
Scotland : Ben Nevis (Nevis Range, Scotland & UK highest summit, by chairlift, up to 650 m) (1345 m)  (August 1994)
Wales Mount Snowdon (Wales highest summit, by rack train) (1085 m) (August 1996)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Slieve Donard (Northern Ireland highest summit, 850 m), Cairn Gorn (Scotland, 1245 m), Ben More Assynt (Scotland, 998 m), Ben Lomond (Scotland, 974 m) ( (1994, 1995, 1996, 2019)

 

 

Indian Ocean

Comoros
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Ntingui (Anjouan) (551 m), Kibouana (Moheli) (765 m) (2019) 

Mauritius
Rodrigues Island. Mont Limon (393 m) (November 2016)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Morne Brabant (551 m), Montagne Bambous (724 m), Tourelle du Tamarin (653 m) (2016)

Réunion
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Piton des Neiges (3070 m) (2003, 2009, 2019)

Seychelles
Belle Vue (= Nid d'Aigle) (La Digue) (333 m) (July 2014)
Morne Blanc (Mahé) (667 m) (July 2014)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Morne Seychelles (Mahé) (905 m), Mont Azore (La Digue) (2014) 

TAAF
Mont de la Dives (Ile Amsterdam) (885 m) (November 2003)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mont Ross (Kerguelen) (1850 m), Pic du Mascarin (ile de la Possession, Crozet) (934 m) (2003)

 

 

Pacific Ocean

American Samoa
Mount Alava (Tutuila) (491 m) (July 2006)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Olotele (Tutuila) (493 m),  Matafao Peak (Tutuila) (653 m), Mt Tumutumo (Ofu) (491 m), Mt Piumafua (Olosega) (639 m), Mt Lata (Ta'u) (963 m) (2006)

French Polynesia
Iles Australes (Raivavae) : Mt Hiro (488 m) (July 2006)
Iles Australes(Tubuai) : Mt Taita (422 m) (July 2006)
Iles Marquises (Nuku Hiva) : Mt Muake (864 m) (June 2006)
Iles Marquises (Fatu Hiva) : Mt Faeone (up to 650 m, 820 m) (June 2006)
Iles Marquises ('Ua Huka) : Mt Hitikau (up to 200 m, 855m) (June 2006)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Orohena (Tahiti, 2241 m), Mt Ronui (Tahiti, 1332 m), Mt Mouaroa (Mo'orea, 880 m), Mt Rotui (Mo'orea, 899 m), Mt Otemanu (Bora Bora, 727 m), Mt Turi (Huahine, 669 m), Mt Tefatua (Ra'iatea, 1017 m), Mt Moukaopaoho (Nuku Hiva, 527 m), Mt Anaotako (Nuku Hiva, 789 m), Mt Oave ('Ua Pou, 1203 m), Mt Tauaouoho (Fatu Hiva, 960 m), Mt Vaipoo (Hiva Oa, 641 m),  Mt Ootua (Hiva Oa, 889 m), Mt Tumu Meae Ufa (Tahuata, 1050 m) (2006)

Hawai'i
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Ka'ala (O'ahu, 1227 m), Mt Waialeale (Kauai, 1544 m) (2013)

Marianas
Guam : Mount Jumullong Manglo (391 m) (December 2009)
Saipan : Mount Petosukara (283 m) (December 2009)
Saipan : Mount Tagpochau (470 m) (December 2009)

New Zealand
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (North Island) : Volcanoes Ruapehu (2797 m), Taramaki (2518 m), Ngauruhoe (Mt Doom) (2291 m), Tongariro (1978 m) (1984)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing (South Island) : Mt Cook (3734 m), Mt Tasman (3497 m), Mitre Peak (1692 m), Mt Fox (1345 m) (1984)

Samoa
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mt Fito (Upolu) (1028 m), Mt Fao (Upolu) (754 m), Mt Elietoga (Savai'i) (982 m),  Mt Mafane (Savai'i), Mt Maugaloa (Savai'i) (1210 m) (1029 m) (2006)

Tonga
Mo'unga Talau (Vava'u) (131 m) (June 2018)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mo'unga Lafu (Vava'u) (156 m), Funga Te'emoa ('Eua) (311 m), Hehu ('Eua) (304 m) (2018)

Wallis & Futuna
Mont Lulu Fakahega (Wallis) (by road, 145 m) (June 2019)
Mountains viewed closely without climbing : Mont Puke (Futuna) (524 m) & depuis Futuna Mont Kolofau (Alofi) (417 m) (2019)

 

 

BASE CAMPS

(Base camps of mountains of an altitude exceeding 5500 m, reached by foot ; see also la page 'Treks')

 

Americas

Peru
Alpamayo Base Camp (4500 m) (July 2012)

 

Asia

Bhutan
Gangla Karchung Base Camp (5180 m) (October 2015)
Jhomolhari Base Camp (4100 m) & above (4400 m) (September 2015)

China
K2 Base Camp Nord (Xinjiang side) (4417 m) (October 2010)
Mustagh Ata Base Camp (4417 m) (October 2010)

India
Kanchenjunga Base East Camp (Sikkim) (4650 m) & above (Goche La) (4964 m) (November 2007)
Nanda Devi East Base Camp (3924 m) (October 2019)
Nanda Devi North-East Base Camp (4270 m) & above (4940 m) (October 2019)
Nun-Kun Base Camp (Suru Valley / Pensi La) (4500 m) (Août 1978)
Pin Parvati Base Camp (4382 m) (June 2009)

Nepal 
Ama Dablam Base Camp (4800 m) (November 2014)
Annapurna Base Camp (4130 m) (October 2014)
Dhaulagiri Base Camp (4700 m) (October 2014)
Everest Base Camp (5643 m) & Kala Patthar (5545 m) (October 2006)
Ganesh Himal Base Camp (4127 m) (November 2013)
Island Peak Base Camp (5087 m) (October 2006)
Kanchenjunga South Base Camp (Yalung Base Camp) (5140 m) (October 2012)
Kanchenjunga West Base Camp (main Kanchenjunga Base Camp) (4148 m) & above (4400 m) (October 2012)
Machhapuchhare Base Camp (3700 m) (October 2014
Makalu Base Camp (5000 m) & above (5395 m) (October 2009)
Manaslu Base Camp (4800 m) (November 2010)
Moritomo Base Camp (Langtang) (4647 m) (October 2011)
Paldor Base Camp (4497 m) & above (4723 m) (October 2013)
Thorung La Base Camp (4850 m) (November 2010)
Tilicho Base Camp 4919 m) (November 2010)

Pakistan
Broad Peak Base Camp (5000 m) (September 2017)
K2 Base Camp (5135 m) (Pakistan side) (September 2017)
Nanga Parbat Base Camp (3900 m) (October 2017)

 

 

 

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